Blockchain food supply chain digital twin


The blockchain technology has great potential to be used in food chain cycle. Anyway, there are some challenges. As a new technology is the best way how to prove the technology is to create testing environment with involvement of the practitioners.  The consortium of Cities2030 has unique chance to test existing supply chain platform by company UNISOT.  This is opening possibility to create transparency use case.

The platform enables to prove that products are sustainable, original, safety and ethically sourced. The architecture of the system enables data capturing and monitoring from all parts of the supply chain; from a farmers smartphone app or extracting data from the production plant to automatic IoT sensors, Computer Vision, ERP plugins, Big Data Analytics and Machine Learning.


The platform architecture proposed by UNISOT includes the following components:

  • Seed: Information regarding seed origin & quality, water consumption, soil moisture, soil temperature, ground areal and fertilization is captured and stored in Smart Digital Twins.
  • Growing: All through the growing phase, information about fertilizers, weather conditions and different treatments is captured and added to the Smart Digital Twins.
  • Harvest: When the product is harvested, information such as time, locations, batches, weights, methods, returns, waste, etc. can be captured and registered to their corresponding Smart Digital Twins.
  • Processing: Important information about the received raw biomaterials is useful for the processor to effectively plan and efficiently handle the production. Production plants consecutively add information about time, locations, processes, resource consumption and waste materials to the respective Smart Digital Twins.
  • Distribution: Transportation can be critical for maintaining the quality and value of the products. Information from IoT sensors, Transport Management System and Mobile Apps is securely stored.
  • Retail: The retailer now has access to valuable product information such as Sustainability, Provenance, Quality and Brand information. They can add additional information about their handling of the products such as storage temperatures, handling, energy consumption, waste, etc.
  • Consumer: By connecting every single product item with its Smart Digital Twin by a unique QR code or RFID chip, consumers can get detailed, verified information about the Composition, Quality, Provenance, Sustainability and Brand for the specific individual item they are holding in their hand.
  • Recycling: To close the complete product life cycle, information about recycling, waste management and reuse can be stored in Smart Digital Twins. This enables life cycle-traceability, life cycle-management and sustainable reuse of resources and materials.